The digital product passport – or DPP for short – is a key element of the European economic strategy and aims to ensure greater transparency along the value chain. The action plan foresees the DPP as a digital twin of a product, enabling the electronic retrieval of product-specific information and sustainability-related details, including origin, material, repair and disposal options as well as recycling at the end of a product’s life.
The exact requirements for the DPP have not yet been determined; the EU wants to define them individually for each sector and product category. The technologies to be used are also not yet specified. However, according to the current EU guidelines, companies should be free to decide which data carriers they use for certain product types, individual products or entire consignments. RFID chips, barcodes and QR codes are conceivable – and in some cases already in use.
The mandatory introduction of the DPP is planned for 2028 and will initially affect batteries for industrial and automotive applications. In the following years, the areas of textiles, chemical products, electrical appliances and ultimately all other areas are to be included and specific guidelines and regulations formulated.